Research Design

I have recently come to realize that many students in colleges and university have problems dealing with the shape in writing research proposals and their thesis. The scope and mode of tutoring lecturers may differs in the schools of thoughts or in the way research methods and designs are handled with deference among many research specialist but the main aim of each one is the same. The difference has caused many students getting confused with what format or mode and design to take when starting a research project. Painfully, some of the students may have limited time to understand the python seated inside the project itself. For four years (since 2011) i had been a victim to this but luckily i was able to survive the menace--of-course after spending most of my time studying the logic behind research and handling its elements to ensure that every property in it is identified and well understood. This site was created purposely to help and guide students to takes easy steps by reading the templates provided here that will lead them to grab the full course of the research proposal and final submission of theses or dissertations.


The function of a research design is to ensure that the evidence obtained enables you to effectively address the research problem logically and as unambiguously as possible. In social sciences research, obtaining information relevant to the research problem generally entails specifying the type of evidence needed to test a theory, to evaluate a program, or to accurately describe and assess meaning related to an observable phenomenon.


With this in mind, a common mistake made by researchers is that they begin their investigations far too early, before they have thought critically about what information is required to address the research problem. Without attending to these design issues beforehand, the overall research problem will not be adequately addressed and any conclusions drawn will run the risk of being weak and unconvincing. As a consequence, the overall validity of the study will be undermined.


The length and complexity of describing research designs in your paper can vary considerably, but any well-developed design will achieve the following:


  1. Identify the research problem clearly and justify its selection, particularly in relation to any valid alternative designs that could have been used,
  2. Review and synthesize previously published literature associated with the research problem,
  3. Clearly and explicitly specify hypotheses [i.e., research questions] central to the problem,
  4. Effectively describe the data which will be necessary for an adequate testing of the hypotheses and explain how such data will be obtained, and
  5. Describe the methods of analysis to be applied to the data in determining whether or not the hypotheses are true or false.

The organization and structure of the section of your paper devoted to describing the research design will vary depending on the type of design you are using. However, you can get a sense of what to do by reviewing the literature of studies that have utilized the same research design.