Health Records and information Officer (HRIO), commonly referred to as health information specialist, are health professionals who collect, organize and manage health information data by ensuring that it maintains its quality, accuracy, accessibility, and security in both paper files and electronic systems. They use various classification systems to code and categorize patient information for effective treatment, insurance reimbursement purposes, for databases and registries, and to maintain patients' medical and treatment histories.

Qualifications to be an HRIO one must have post-secondary certificate , Diploma or associate's degree programs in health information technology typically include courses in Medical Terminology, Anatomy and Physiology, Pathology, Community Health,  Bio-Statistics, Epidemiology, Demography, Computer Science, Health Information System (HIS), Research Methods and Management.  Applicants to health information technology programs may increase their chances of admission by taking high school courses in Science,  Mathematics/Physcis, Biology, Geography and computer science.